House training can be done in several ways, but the most effective method is crate training.
If you are first-time dog owner, you might find crate training to be a cruel method of house training. But, believe me, later you will be thankful for this suggestion.
A dog needs its own place, a place where it can retreat to, its own private space.
Your pug will consider its crate that place.
The crate used for house training should only be large enough for the puppy to stand up, lie down and stretch out comfortably in. Crates are available in most pet shops and come in various sizes and prices.
Here is an useful advice: Buy a size that will fit your pug also in adulthood. The excess space can be partitioned off by a fitting board, which can be moved back as the puppy grows. This way you don’t need to buy a new crate every few weeks and the puppy won’t have to get used to a new one each time.
Now let’s begin the training. Dogs do not want to soil where they eat or sleep. That’s the basis for the crate training method.
You have to feed your puppy in its crate so it becomes accustomed to it. Close the door and keep it closed while your pug puppy is eating.
After the meal is finished, open the crate and carry(!) the puppy outside, preferably onto grass, to the spot you want your pug to go potty. You will have to use the same words consistantly, for example, say “potty” or “go out”.
It is very important that you use the same words, as your puppy will learn both where to go potty and that certain words mean a specific behaviour is expected.
In case you don’t have outdoor access or will be away from home for a long period of time, you should begin housetraining using newspaper placed in some corner place that is easily accessible by your pug puppy. Take your puppy to this spot instead of outside to reinforce the habbit of going there to potty.
Don’t let your puppy run loose inside after eating, drinking, playing or after it first woke up.
Keep a watchful eye on your pug and you will soon learn to recognize the “signs”. When the puppy wants to relieve itself, it will usually start circling and sniffing the floor to find the perfect spot for the evil business. Don’t lose time, grab your puppy and carry it to the spot on which it is allowed to eliminate.
Teach your puppy to stay inside the crate without complaing. Put a treat in the back of the crate and encourage your puppy to go inside on it’s own and don’t forget to praise it. Once the door is locked, you might want to hand it another treat through the wires or window of the crate.
This might be a difficult task, but try not to succumb to its complaints. Say “No!” in a sharp voice and eventually tap on the crate to get your pug puppy to understand that it won’t succeed with its theatrics.
Normally, a puppy of 8-12 weeks of age will not be able to contain itself for long periods of time. It has to relieve itself every few hours, except at nights. Make sure that your puppy relieved it’s bladder as well as it’s bowel.
Your first task in the morning should be to take your pug outside to potty (or, inside but on the newspaper-spot). When this will be is depending on your puppy. It will often wake you up in the early morning by whining and jumping around in the crate.
Don’t confuse the “Let me out of the crate because I want to play now!” grumbling with the “This is an emergency” complaint though. You will learn quickly to distinguish between the two.
In case you need to be away from home all day, don’t leave your puppy in its crate, but also don’t make the mistake of letting it roam the whole house. Leave the pug puppy in a small room and cover the floor with newspaper. Make this area big enough, so the puppy does not have to relieve itself next to food, water bowls or its bed.
If you follow this advice without letting yourself be hypnotized by the pair of big round eyes and let the puppy do what it wants, you will soon not have to be worried about accidents happening in your house anymore.
It might take 2 months (our experience), sometimes less or a little more time, before you can say that the house training is completed.