The Amazing History of Pug

Did you ever wonder where pugs came from, why their breed was created in the first place or what place they took in human history?

The origin of the Pug

It is stated in ancient chinese documents, that short-nosed dogs existed in China at the time of Confucius, at around 700 BC. After the days sport, the bigger dogs followed the master’s chariot, while the small and short-nosed dogs where carried in the carts :-).

Treasures, like perls, jade, rare animals or dogs were considered imperial property. One emperor, Ling To (168-190 AD) liked them so much, that he gave these small dogs rank, the females received the same rank as his wives. He ordered that these small dogs are to be guarded by soldiers and fed only the best meat and rice. If anyone attempted to steal one of these dogs, he or she would be sentenced to death.

The original name for the short-haired pug was lo chiang-sze and was shortened later to the word lo-sze. During the Dynasty of Yuan (1206-1333 AD), it was costumary to parade all the emperor’s animals in front of his guests. Right after the lions, “golden-coated nimble dogs” were presented. This might have been the time that these dogs were introduced to Europe.

At 1572, William the Silent (the King of Holland) was at war with Spain. One night he was awakened by one of his pugs (he took his pugs with him, wherever he went :-)) just in time to avoid beeing assassinated. Finally, an official record proving how important we pugs are to people! At 1688, the pug became the official dog of the Dutch royalty – the House of Orange. As Prince William traveled from Holland to England, to ascend his throne, his pugs attended the ceremony wearing orange ribbons.

At around 1736, the pug was the secret symbol of “The Order of the Pug” (Mopsorden), a order led by the Grand Master of the Freemasons.

Josephine, before her marriage to Napoleon Bonaparte, had a pug named Fortune. When they got married in 1796, Napoleon supposedly refused to let the pug come up to their marriage bed at night. The pug then reportedly bit the general in the leg and Josephine announced that if the dog would not stay in the bed then neither would she. From then on Napoleon shared his bed with a Pug and Josephine.

The pug spread out all over Europe, after the Civil War also in America.

The pug has different names all over the world.
For example Mops in Germany and Holland, Mopsi in Finland, Carline in France, Doguillo in Spain.

For more informations about pug visit